The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
The international Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is made up of the International Committee of the Red Cross ( ICRC ), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies ( IFRC ) and the National Societies.
The international Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
The international Committee of the Red Cross is an impartial, neutral and independent organization whose exclusively humanitarian mission is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence and to provide them assistance. The ICRC also endeavours to prevent suffering by promoting and strengthening humanitarian law and universal humanitarian principles. Est. in 1863, the ICRC is at the origin of the Geneva Conventions and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. It directs and coordinates the international activities conducted by the Movement in armed conflicts and other situations of violence.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies ( IFRC ) is the world's largest volunteer- based humanitarian network, reaching 150 million people each year through its 187 member National Societies. Togethr, the OFRC acts before, during and after disasters and health emergencies to meet the needs and improve the lives of vulnerable people. It does so with impartiality as to nationality, race, gender, religious beliefs, class and political opinions. Guided by Strategy 2020 – a collective plan of action to tackle the major humanitarian and development challenges of this decade – the IFRC is committed to `saving lives and changing minds'.
National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies embody the work and principles of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement in more than 188 countries. National Societies act as auxiliaries to the public authorities of their own countries in the humanitarian field and provide a range of services including disaster relief, health and social programs. During wartime,
National Societies assist the affected civilian population and support the army medical services where appropriate.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is guided by seven Fundamental Principles: Humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity and universality.
All Red Cross and Red Crescent activities have one central purpose :
to help without discrimination thos who suffer and thus contribute to peace I the world.
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